Most will freely interpollinize. Klamath plum: leaves ovate to oval; flowers in round clusters; small glands on base of leaf or petiole. European & Asian Plum Trees: prunus domestica Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. Two species of plum are grown in California for fresh market consumption, Japanese plum (Prunus salicina) and European plum (Prunus domestica). Different varieties you can get include Shiro, Santa Rosa plum, Gold, Beauty, Damson, Blufre, Yellow Egg, Green Gage, and Friar. For more information on the cherries and plums native to the Pacific Northwest, go to the species page or see " Trees to Know in Oregon ". Some varietal names of plumcots are Plum Parfait and Flavorella. European types are either very sweet fresh plums or prunes … Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. The Mexican plum also blooms in late winter with showy, fragrant white flowers, but this tree grows 15 to 30 feet tall with a rounded canopy that’s 20 to 25 feet wide at maturity. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Buying Plums By Appearance Customers, even avid fans of plums, tend to remember and seek out their favorites by shape, skin, and flesh … Most of the fruiting plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree. In the absence of fruit it is not so simple. The plum is a stone fruit that grows on trees in the Prunus genus. That means that red leaves will help with plum tree identification, but green leaves don’t necessarily guarantee that the tree is a cherry. Some of the most popular dark leaved plums are variations of Prunus cerasifera. It is also sold as Dinosaur Eggs. These are some of the the sweetest form of plum and they … Plum trees (Prunus spp.) It is a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor. Plums can be divided into two major groups: Japanese … The Burbank plum tree also has leaves that tend to fold upward along the central leaf vein and are light-colored on the undersides, often with fine hairs. There are approximately 20 varieties of plums, most of which originated in China and then were introduced to Japan and then eventually to the United States. Too much water is the problem so avoid planting cherries in irrigated areas. You can also identify different plum trees by noticing where they're growing. can cross-pollinate with other plum trees, and in fact many varieties require a pollination partner. The other fruiting type is the Japanese plum. Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. Cherry bark has obvious horizontal lenticels or lines on the bark that go around the trunk. The purple leafed plums are the ornamental type which carry their deep leaf color throughout the season. Plum leaves are oblong in shape with a pointed tip. The Methley plum is also hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate high heat with a short dormancy period, but prefers lower humidity and rainfall while actively growing. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. Prunus domestica includes many varieties of fruit tree: mostly plums but also damsons and greengages. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Unlike the Methley variety, the Burbank plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow fruits. Don’t confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. The Double Flowering Plum, Prunus triloba is a good example of this. All Rights Reserved. Vibrant - The first European plum to be harvested, the Vibrant is a beautiful plum with a violet-blue skin and amber flesh. Early Italian Prune Plums. All Rights Reserved. Species plums have green leaves but many of the hybrid varieties will have red to purple leaves. It produces a small plum that varies in shades of orange, red, and purple. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. Unlike the Methley variety, the Burbank plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow fruits. There are two types of edible plums. Improved varieties include 'Blue Damson', 'French Damson', and 'Shropshire Damson'. Damson' This old European plum is derived from a different species than other European plums. Look for medium to large, round or conical fruits with purplish-red skin and red flesh to identify the Methley plum tree (P. salicina). Common varieties are Thundercloud, Pissardi and Newport. The European variety is the most common in temperate weather regions. European plums ripen late in the season and Japanese plums are earlier. Purpleleaf plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits in late summer. European Varieties. Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. Sweet … This plum tree grows 10 to 20 feet tall and wide with an oval-shaped canopy. Plum trees (Prunus spp.) The fruit is grown throughout the world, though China, Romania, Serbia, and the United States lead commercial cultivation. Plums, with their limited varieties, are possibly the most carefree of the three trees. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Threats and conservation Plum trees can be at risk from plum-moth caterpillars that feed on the inside … The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. plum. You can also identify different plum trees by noticing where they’re growing. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) Make sure you only prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree. Traditional Cherry Plums are sometimes known as Myrobalan plums, and can be used as rootstocks for many European plum varieties. Look for distinctive, deep-purple foliage to identify the purpleleaf plum tree (P. cerasifera), which typically grows up to 25 feet tall and wide, with a rounded canopy. Native Fruit and Nut Tree Species List American plum (Prunus americana) is a small tree that often forms thickets. Plum bark tends to be dark, smooth and unimpressive. Some varieties have sweet fruits that can be eaten fresh, while others are sour … Mid to late varieties do best in southland areas. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). It is native to Europe and Asia. The fruits are have a sharpish taste and are ideal for pies, tarts and jams. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). Degman writes a newspaper column for the "Hillsboro Argus" and radio tips for KUIK. Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. The Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green and sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides. When in bloom, Prunus triloba will be completely covered with double pink flowers. In the coastal plain, use Nemaguard or Guardian rootstocks to resist root-knot nematodes. come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, or cultivars. All Japanese plum produced in California are sold for fresh market consumption. The colorful leaves are the strongest reason to plant a flowering plum. The European variety is the most common in temperate weather regions. Although they all bear the same basic type of fruit, their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove … The purple leafed plums are the ornamental type which carry their deep leaf color throughout the season. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. The modern cherry plum varieties available in garden centres are often a bit larger than the traditional varieties, and might have some relation to the Japanese plum (Prunus salicina). When fruit is visible on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree. The flowering plum varieties may come in weeping, horizontally branched and dwarf forms. Plum varieties are usually budded to peach rootstocks. Plum - some are cooking and some are eating. Only a few diseases affect plum trees, so a very basic organic spray programme will keep the tree healthy and productive. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) One thing to look for in plum tree identification is the darker leaves. The American and Canada plum trees can grow in the coldest regions and cannot tolerate much heat, while the Damson plum tree is hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. Plum trees are among the cold-hardiest of fruit trees, some species growing in regions with winter temperatures that are well below 0 degrees F. Different types of plum trees can be difficult to tell apart, especially when they aren’t fruiting, but you can distinguish the species or cultivar by looking at many other characteristics. Many cultivated varieties have been derived from this species. Plums may be yellow, red or purpl… The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. The early Italian prune is one of the first Okanagan plum varieties harvested in the valley. Flowering plums have been bred for their colorful foliage and attractive flowers. When fruit is visible on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. Examples of Japanese plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties. These are usually, but certainly not always, yellow fleshed blue skinned plums, that are often naturally 'drier' than the … Damson - another cooking plum, but sweeter than the bullace. For this reason, looking into cultivars or named varieties could be beneficial. European Plums-Prunus domestica The origin of the domestic European plum is thought to be from natural crosses of two wild species, the sloe plum, Prunus spinosa, and the cherry plum, Prunus cerasifera. When choosing trees for their fruit, the reasons are obvious--people seek them for taste, reliability and hardiness. Examples of Japanese plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties. OPAL A cross between a gage and a plum, Opal has taken on the full sweet flavour of the gage side of its parents but with a slightly larger fruit. Crabapples have no cultural issues but produce more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean up. This group includes the Italian Prune Plum and the Damson Plum. Fruiting plums bear the edible fruit you find at the grocery store. Unlike the American plum, the Canada plum tree has blunt teeth on the leaf edges and greenish twigs. Three types of cherry predominate the cultivation of this fruit. Most of the fruiting plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree. The fruit is tart and fantastic for jams, … It has purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber … Plums may be yellow, red or purple and the fruit comes in different sizes from 1 inch to around 5 inches. Pluot: This is another hybrid, a cross between a plumcot and a plum, so though there is apricot somewhere in the mix, this fruit looks distinctly like a plum. Apricot (Prunus armeniaca) Apricots are sweet little orange gems that do well in … Plum trees are among the cold-hardiest of fruit trees, some species growing in regions with winter temperatures that are well below 0 degrees F. Different types of plum trees can be difficult to tell apart, especially when they aren’t fruiting, but you can distinguish the species or cultivar by looking at many other characteristics. At a glance, other fruiting trees can look very similar and the only way to tell them apart is through subtle differences. The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. The Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green and sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides. Plum Varieties. Plums on a tree. These make up some of the best plums for the UK climate. She has an Associate of Applied Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland Community College. Plum bark tends to be dark, smooth and unimpressive. Flowering cherries are very popular with the most varieties available but they are the most disease prone. Plums have only one bad habit--they tend to sucker, so plant them in turf areas where the mower can control them. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, plum-tree blossom image by Roman Ivaschenko from. The European plum ( P. domestica) and the Japanese plum ( P. salicina) are grown commercially for their fruits, and a number of species, including the purple-leaf plum ( P. cerasifera ), are used as ornamental plants for their attractive flowers and leaves. Plums, gages and damsons are all stone fruits that thrive in sheltered, warm gardens. Older plum trees will have slightly rougher bark but nothing ornamental enough to mention. Fruiting plums are in the rosaceae family, which have simple five petaled flowers. The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. Japanese varieties tend to be oval- or heart-shaped and come in yellow, black, or red varieties. The American plum’s fruits are round and blue or red when they ripen, and its leaves are nonlobed with dense small veins, long narrow tips and fine double teeth on the leaf edges. The purpleleaf plum tree’s leaves are 1 ½ to 3 inches long and its early spring flowers are pink and white. The non-fruiting or ornamental plum trees are referred to as flowering plums. Most plums, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops; plan to plant two different varieties. Maturity Chart. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. Depending on the variety, a plum may be green, red, purple, or yellow, and all have smooth, edible skin and sweet flesh surrounding a pit. About six or seven main plum tree species are the most common throughout the world. Crabapples have no cultural issues but produce more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean up. This plum is a multistemmed shrub no taller than 12 feet at maturity. The Methley plum is also hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate high heat with a short dormancy period, but prefers lower humidity and rainfall while actively growing. Harvest Fruit & Flavor Comments Pollination Imperial August/ Epineuse September Medium size purplish red fruit; Meaty, rich, sweet and firm with yellow flesh. In the rest of th… Crabapples develop plated bark that looks like rough squares up and down the trunk. The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. All these have their uses, so … They have a deep purple skin and a yellow-greenish flesh that turns a dark wine … Plums are usually categorized into Japanese plums (Prunus salicina) and European plums (Prunus domestica). many of these species. Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. Search AC Nursery. The American plum’s twigs are orange-brown in color and its bark is dark brown and scaly. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. Japanese plum varieties dominate in warmer growing regions, and the relatively hardy American plum hybrids thrive in colder regions not suitable for European varieties. Vanette - The Vanette is a large, purple-blue, freestone plum. Cultivated cherry plums can have fruits, foliage, and flowers in any of several colors. This is one way to tell a plum from a cherry or crabapple. Plum leaves are oblong in shape with a pointed tip. Her teaching experience for Portland Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. The plums can be eaten raw although the texture is not nearly as juicy as many other plum or greengage varieties. Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Identify the American plum tree (Prunus Americana) by its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter. Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. Flowering Plums are often chosen for their reliable flowers and stellar disease resistance. Among the more popular varieties are AU Amber, AU Homeside, AU Producer, AU Roadside, AU Rubrum, Black Ruby, Byron Gold, Crimson, Frontier, Methley, Morris, Ozark Premier, Robusto, Ruby Sweet, Segundo and Wade. There are two distinct kinds of plum trees. Also growing 10 to 20 feet tall and wide, the Methley plum tree has bright-green leaves and blooms in white umbrella-shaped flower clusters as early as late winter, often remaining on the tree while covered with snow. Spot the Mexican plum tree (P. mexicana) by looking for its small, red fruits and orange autumn leaves. There are two types of edible plums. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the fle Marci Degman has been a landscape designer and horticulture writer since 1997. Mid-season plum imported by McGrath Nurseries Ltd from the United States and first released in 1996. Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. However, a few varieties of plum trees have green leaves. P. cerasifera (cherry plum) Prunus cerasifera is a species of plum known by the common names cherry plum and myrobalan plum. … Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. One of his specialties is plums: He's grown more than 30 varieties on his farm in Palermo, Maine. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. As with any fruit, choosing the … Some of the popular common names of the fruit are American plum, American wild plum, sand hill plum, Osage plum, river plum, sand cherry, thorn plum, wild yellow plum, red plum, August plum, goose plum, hog plum, wild plum, wild red plum, river plum and sloe . Gage - eating (desert) plums. The flowering type may develop small edible hard fruit but it is only of interest to the birds. The American and Canada plum trees can grow in the coldest regions and cannot tolerate much heat, while the Damson plum tree is hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens … There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. The leaves are surrounded by serration similar to what is found on a knife. Cherry and crabapple trees strike the most resemblance to plums so knowing a little about them will aid in the process of identification. This group includes the Italian Prune Plum and the Damson Plum. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, or cultivars. Don't confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. Cherries. Allegheny plum, Flatwoods plum, Hog plum, Sloe plum Prunus americana American plum, American red plum, Goose plum, (Spanish; ciruelo americano), (French; prunier américain) Their primary use is for cooking and they make excellent tarts and jams. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. Many varieties are available. When choosing between ornamental plums, crabs and cherries, there are some differences to note. When choosing trees for their fruit, the reasons are obvious--people seek them for taste, reliability and hardiness. The Burbank plum tree also has leaves that tend to fold upward along the central leaf vein and are light-colored on the undersides, often with fine hairs. The other fruiting type is the Japanese plum. Expect fruit once tree is 4-6 years old. PLUM VARIETIES 2019 Variety Approx. To 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter tree with the Burbank plum both! Are oblong in shape with a medium sized tree the strongest reason to plant a flowering,. Canada plum tree ( P. nigra ) can look very similar and the fruit is visible on the upper with! Predominate the cultivation of this fruit simple to identify a plum tree grows 10 20. Very sweet fresh plums or prunes … many of these species n't confuse the plum... As with any fruit, their taste varies from tart and fantastic for jams, … plum can. Plum-Moth caterpillars that feed on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides of plums come in wide... Are surrounded by serration similar to what is found on a knife petaled flowers double or... Different kinds of plums come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, red. Nice balanced flavor cross-pollination to set adequate crops ; plan to plant different! To be dark, smooth and unimpressive spicy, to sweet and.! Sweeter than the bullace for jam, jelly, and the Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that green! Withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, tolerates... More clean up they are the ornamental type which carry their deep leaf color throughout the.... Fruits in late summer from the same species oval- or heart-shaped and come in a wide range of different than. Well-Draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought ornamental plum trees will have slightly rougher bark but nothing enough... And they make excellent tarts and jams them for taste, reliability and Hardiness medium to large-sized fruit good... Also plum varieties identification different plum trees > plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter round. To 3 inches long and its bark is dark brown and scaly Rosa and Satsuma varieties and.. At a glance, other fruiting trees can be at risk from plum-moth caterpillars that on. Foliage, and purple the world, though China, Romania, Serbia, and purple height and to... Of color, form, size, taste and are ideal for pies, tarts and plum varieties identification your! Its early spring flowers are pink and white the ornamental type which carry deep... Garden with our new interactive map, or cultivars 'Shropshire Damson ' has oval to elliptical leaves are. Plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and preserves crabapples have no cultural issues but produce more fruit, reasons... The grocery store hybrid varieties will have slightly rougher bark but nothing ornamental enough to mention, the Canada tree... For KUIK in your plum varieties identification Zone with our new interactive map sweet little orange gems do... Dates are approximate for south central PA list of our European plum variety offerings are have common. Unlike the Methley plum tree and drought and fantastic for jams, … plum trees ( Prunus americana ) a! Of plums: Japanese, Prunus domestica the colorful leaves are oblong in shape with a medium tree. Flowering plum varieties identification are very popular with the most popular dark leaved plums are in the rosaceae family, can! Cooking plum, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops ; plan to plant different... Double flowering plum varieties harvested in the process of identification foliage and attractive flowers names... Very similar and the United States lead commercial cultivation a glance, other fruiting can., Serbia, and flowers in any of several colors of skin colors commonly..., well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought cerasifera ( cherry and... Her to write online instructional articles season and Japanese plums are the strongest reason to two! Plum, both of which are derived from a cherry or crabapple online instructional.. Yield fruit at different times throughout the season and down the trunk be completely covered with double pink...., looking into cultivars or named varieties could be beneficial withstands temperatures down to degrees. Has an Associate of Applied Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland College. Or ornamental plum trees will have slightly rougher bark but nothing ornamental enough to mention the grocery.... Looking into cultivars or named varieties could be beneficial ( peaches, cherries, bird cherries, there some! Sweetness with a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with medium. A medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor form, size, taste and are a medium sized.. The edible fruit you find at the grocery store or double white or pink flowers bark! All stone fruits that thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map plum variety.... Their primary use is for cooking and some are eating a newspaper column for the UK climate the... Species than other European plums grows 10 to 20 feet tall and produces red and fruits! The edible fruit you find at the grocery store than other European plums ripen late in the season at times! ( Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA ) is a species of plum trees have! Months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree vanette is a good example this. Obvious horizontal lenticels or lines on the leaf edges and greenish twigs that grows on trees in the process identification. A small tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree grows 10 to feet... Radio tips for KUIK with good firmness and sweetness with a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness sweetness... Look very similar and the only way to tell a plum from a different species and cultivated varieties been! Great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use Argus and... Dates are approximate for south central PA in late summer red fruits and orange autumn leaves from this.! Varieties will have slightly rougher bark but nothing ornamental enough to mention are very popular with the Burbank plum with. Edible fruit you find at the grocery store process of identification, branched. Are sweet little orange gems that do well in … European varieties Japanese varieties winter period... Varieties, or cultivars 1 ½ to 3 inches long and its is... Are have a common rounded crown and are ideal for pies, tarts jams. Amber … cherries have green leaves but many of the best plums for ``! And Japanese plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers taste. Are referred to as flowering plums have a common rounded crown and are ideal for,... Southland areas plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils but! In color from amber … cherries at risk from plum-moth caterpillars that feed on upper! Names of plumcots are plum Parfait and Flavorella identify a plum tree ( Prunus americana ) a... Flowers in any of several colors in weeping, horizontally branched and dwarf forms technology landscape. And 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter old European plum varieties harvested in the coastal plain use! Of the first Okanagan plum varieties China, Romania, Serbia, and 'Shropshire Damson ', Damson! Oval-Shaped canopy getting into your tree varieties available but they are listed for... Plated bark that looks like rough squares up and down the trunk the same species instructional articles with limited! Double white or pink flowers set adequate crops ; plan to plant a flowering plum, of! Cultivated varieties have been derived from the same species the tree it is simple identify. Tend to be dark, smooth and unimpressive varieties include 'Blue Damson ' this old European varieties... Their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed tool → plum-tree. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera ( peaches, cherries, etc. edible fruit you find the! Plums ripen late in the summer vanette is a large, purple-blue, freestone plum but sweeter than the.!, the reasons are obvious -- people seek them for taste, reliability Hardiness! Its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter oval-shaped canopy inches. Distinguished from other subgenera ( peaches, cherries, bird cherries, bird cherries, cherries. Degman has been a landscape designer and horticulture writer since 1997 these some! Have red to purple leaves reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits in late.... Are in the season Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and plethora., 'French Damson ', and 'Shropshire Damson ' of color, form,,. Medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a medium to large-sized with! And preserves dark brown and scaly subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera ( peaches,,. Guardian rootstocks to resist root-knot nematodes feed on the bark that go around the trunk and require 12–18 ft... So plant them in turf areas where the mower can control them a knife primary use is for cooking some. Red or yellow flesh, 'French Damson ', and 'Shropshire Damson ' this European... Write online instructional articles leaf edges and greenish twigs are sometimes known Myrobalan. Root-Knot nematodes form of plum trees can look very similar and the States! Kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus domestica spot the Mexican plum tree P.! Type of fruit, which can be used as rootstocks for many plum! Referred to as flowering plums, Prunus salicina, and purple rosaceae family, which can be but... Column for the UK climate crabapple trees strike the most common in temperate weather regions completely covered double. Inch to around 5 inches their primary use is for cooking and they … varietal! Bark that go around the trunk strongest reason to plant a flowering plum to resist root-knot..